An infinite quantity of molten lava contained in a broad despair, crater, or volcanic vent is known as a lava lake. Lava lakes are normally basaltic in nature and could also be wholly or partially molten (molten) and even frozen.
How are lava lakes shaped?
Lava lakes are shaped in some ways. When a number of vents in a volcanic crater erupt, they will partially fill the crater with lava, ensuing within the formation of a lava lake. As well as, when lava from a volcano’s vent flows downward and collects in one other wider despair or crater, it additionally offers rise to a lava lake.
Are lava lakes everlasting in nature?
Lava lakes are hardly secure in nature. Solely in uncommon instances, some volcanoes have remained lava lakes. Examples of an important current lava lakes on the earth are offered under.
4. Erta Ale, Ethiopia
Erta Ale is a 2011 foot excessive energetic basaltic protect volcano situated in Ethiopia. The volcano hosts two energetic lava lakes at its summit. The lava from these lakes typically flows on the south facet of the volcano.
3. Mount Nyiragongo
Mount Nyiragongo is an energetic stratovolcano with an elevation of 11380 toes. The volcano is situated within the Virunga Mountains inside Virunga Nationwide Park within the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The volcano hosts a large lava lake that’s regarded as the most important of its form by floor space and quantity in not less than current historical past. By 1982 its width was greater than 2200 toes.
2. Kilauea, Huge Island, Hawaii
Kilauea is an energetic protect volcano on the Huge Island of Hawaii. It hosts two consecutive lava lakes. The Haleumaumau vent cavity together with the summit caldera hosts one of many lava lakes. One other such lake is situated throughout the Puu cone on the japanese rift zone of the volcano.
1. Ambrym, Vanuatu
Ambrim is a volcanic island that’s a part of the archipelago of the Malampa Province of Vanuatu within the South Pacific Ocean. The island is known for the lava lakes situated in two craters close to the summit of the island’s volcanic summit.